Positive IdeS phase I data published in scientific journal PLOS ONE
The trial was a first-in-man, double blind, randomized study with single-ascending doses of IdeS in twenty-nine healthy male subjects who were given intravenous doses of placebo or IdeS at 0.01, 0.04, 0.12 and 0.24 mg/kg body weight. IdeS was considered safe with no serious adverse events. Furthermore, IdeS converted plasma IgG into single cleaved IgG (scIgG) with impressive efficacy within minutes after administration.
ScIgG has compromised effector functions with reduced binding to Fcγ receptors and reduced Fc mediated cytotoxicity (Brezski et al., 2009), i.e. the function of the antibodies is significantly reduced. Full or close to full effect on IgG, i.e. conversion into F(ab’)2 and Fc fragments (complete IgG cleavage), was seen in all subjects dosed with 0.12 and 0.24 mg/kg BW. IgG reached the lowest concentrations 2-24 hours after dosing and remained low for more than a week, until newly synthesized IgG appeared in the plasma.
Data demonstrated that the entire extracellular IgG pool and not only the plasma pool, is cleaved by IdeS. This remarkable efficacy of IdeS outcompetes the effect of plasma exchange, which typically leaves approximately 35% remaining IgG. Furthermore, 24 hours after a plasma exchange the IgG levels are restored to 60% (Ismail et al., 2001).
“A single dose of IdeS rapidly and efficiently inactivates IgG in humans, and the effect remains for several weeks. IdeS alone or in combination with B-cell attenuating drugs is a very attractive therapeutic approach for many IgG driven conditions. The results uncover a new therapeutic concept to eliminate pathogenic IgG”, commented Hansa Medicals CSO Christian Kjellman.
Since S. pyogenes is a common human pathogen, all subjects had pre-formed anti-IdeS IgG antibodies and reacted as expected with an IgG response peaking two to three weeks after the IdeS infusion. Six to twelve months after dosing, all subjects were back to normal anti-IdeS antibody levels. The half-life of IdeS was 4.9 (±2.8) hours at 0.24 mg/kg with the main fraction eliminated from plasma during 24 hours.
The complete, rapid, but temporary removal of IgG provides a new potent therapeutic opportunity in IgG-mediated pathogenic conditions. IdeS treatment has the capacity to quickly and effectively remove IgG in HLA sensitized transplantation patients, thereby allowing transplantation and avoiding acute antibody-mediated rejection. The safety and efficacy of IdeS in removing anti-HLA antibodies in sensitized dialysis patients are investigated in ongoing phase II studies. IdeS is currently also considered for clinical studies within several acute antibody mediated conditions, e.g. antibody mediated graft rejection, Guillain-Barré syndrome and Goodpasture’s syndrome.
Brezski RJ, Vafa O, Petrone D, Tam SH, Powers G, Ryan MH, et al. (2009) Tumor-associated and microbial proteases compromise host IgG effector functions by a single cleavage proximal to the hinge. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106: 17864-17869.
Ismail N, Neyra R, Hakim R (2001) Plasmapheresis. In: Daugirdas JT, Blake PG, Ing TS, editors. Handbook of dialysis, 3rd edn. 3 ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams Wilkins. pp. 231-262.
The information in this press release is disclosed pursuant to the Securities Markets Act or the Financial Instruments Trading Act. The information was released for public disclosure on July 16, 2015, at 08:00 CET.